The European Court of Human Rights (the Court) is one of the enforcement bodies—the second being the European Commission of Human Rights (the Commission)—that was established within the European Convention of Human Rights (the Convention) in order to serve to the purpose of resolving violations of human rights. Despite including “European” in it’s name, being founded by the Council of Europe, and being signed by most of the European States, the Court also includes non-European parties such as Kazakhstan, Belarus and parties with limited recognition. This differs it from “regional“ courts, creating a larger effect.
The Court evaluates the applications filed by individuals, groups of individuals, non-governmental organizations, and companies against the contracting States. The contracting States can also file applications against the others regarding alleged violations of one or more of their rights guaranteed in the Convention.
The Court has played an active role with the various cases that it has seen from various violation of rights’ claims which are mentioned at the Convention, creating a respected case law. Binding only the States who approve the Protocols, the Court keeps its stance with the interpretation it makes.
Responsible Under Secretary General: Kübra KÜÇÜK
Agenda Item: Where do the duty of the government of protecting the freedom of religion provided at the convention start: Sultanovac v. Bulgaria
President Judge: Fatma MUBAREK
Vice- President Judge: Taner KURU
Court Registrar: Yiğit Selimoğlu
*You can apply for the European Court of Human Rights as the applicant party, the respondent party, the registrar or a judge. The parties consist of two advocates.
**The Secretariat will evaluate and select the president judge from the individual judge applications.