In the aftermath of the Second World War, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro and Macedonia became a part of Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia. After the death of Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito, ethnic nationalism started to grow among the different Yugoslav states and threatened the territorial integrity of Yugoslavia. This process was escalated when Serbian leader Slobodan Milošević came to power in the Socialist Party of Serbia. In 1991, Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia declared their independence. In addition to those states, Bosnian President Alija İzetbegović proclaimed the independence of Bosnia as a result of referendum voting on 3 March 1992.
In the late 80s, Yugoslavia disintegrated under the suppression of ethnic conflict and economic issues. Bosnia’s declaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1992 raised the tension to a new level. Thus, United Nations Security Council which is the enforcement body having the authorization to use force has been gathered in order to provide immediate peace in the region with their 15 members.
Responsible Under Secretary General: Taylan ÖZVER
- Devrim Deniz ÖZKUŞ
- Fatma Rabia GURSOY