The European Parliament was founded in 1952 as the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community. The name “European Parliament” was given in 1962, right before receiving its budgetary authority in 1970. This authority was later extended into controlling the whole budget. The first directly elected parliament was formed in 1979 and right after the newly formed parliament’s first session, the institution started to submit proposals on functioning of the European Union. The parliament gained more power with every new treaty of the union. With the 2009 Lisbon Treaty, the parliament gained powers it has today. With the Lisbon Treaty the parliament became a true lawmaker alongside the council as well as receiving the authority over the European Union’s whole budget.
751 members are active in the parliament as of July 2014. 734 of these members represent 8 different political parties, whereas 17 members are not attached to any political party. These members serve for a five-year term, while the president of the parliament serve for two and a half years.
European Parliament has an immense role in the legislative procedures and on the budget. The parliament states its position on every law proposal made by the European Commission. The approving position of the parliament is necessary for law making in the European Union. The Current president of the European Parliament is Martin Schulz, who has been re-elected in July 2014.
Under-Secretary General Responsible for the Committee
Can Baran BEDER: firstname.lastname@example.org