In time of War of Independence, the leader of the Turkish nationalist movement, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, established the headquarters of his resistance movement towards to Ottoman Empire, in Ankara in 1920.After the War of Independence was won, the Turkish nationalists replaced the Ottoman Empire with the Republic of Turkey on 29 October 1923. A few days earlier, Ankara had officially replaced Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) as the new Turkish capital city, on 13 October 1923.
GROWTH OF ANKARA AS THE CAPITAL CITY
After Ankara became the capital of the newly founded Republic of Turkey, new development divided the city into an old section, called Ulus, and a new section, called Yenişehir. Ancient buildings reflecting Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman history and narrow winding streets mark the old section. The new section, now centered on Kızılay, has the trappings of a more modern city: wide streets, hotels, theaters, shopping malls, and high-rises.
Government offices and foreign embassies are also located in the new section. Ankara has experienced a phenomenal growth since it was made Turkey’s capital. It was “a small town of no importance”, when it was made the capital of Turkey. In 1924, the year after the government had moved there, Ankara had about 35,000 residents. By 1927 there were 44,553 residents and by 1950 the population had grown to 286,781.
Since 1923, Ankara (previously Angora) is the capital of Turkey and the country’s second largest city. Today in Ankara has 4 million 650 thousand habitants. Centrally located in Anatolia, Ankara is an important commercial and industrial city. It is the center of the Turkish government, and houses all foreign embassies.
Ankara is now an important crossroads of trade, strategically located at the center of Turkey’s highway and railway networks, and serves as the marketing center for the surrounding agricultural area.
Important sights include Anıtkabir, mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder of the Republic of Turkey, Ankara Ethnography Museum, Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, State Art and Sculpture Museum, War of Independence Museum and METU Science and Technology Museum. These sights are the most attractive ones for you to visit!