Initially founded in 1959, The Court was set up on the basis of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), aiming to protect human rights in Europe. Its judgments are binding on the member States of the Council of Europe that ratified the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, meaning that the countries concerned are under an obligation to comply with them. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe monitors executions of judgments.
A significant integration of human rights regime in Europe occurred on 1 November 1998 when two enforcement mechanisms established by the convention, the European Court of Human Rights and European Commission, were united under the name of European Court of Human Rights as a reconstituted court. This reconstruction has enabled further remedies to individuals by empowering the Court to hearing their complaints without prior approval of the Party State, which was a precondition before.
European Court of Human Rights is an international court consisting of a number of judges equal to the number of member States of the Council of Europe. The judges of the Court do not represent their States and are entirely independent in delivering judgments. Judges are assisted by a Registry, which consists of lawyers from all member States (legal secretaries), in dealing with applications. Neither judges nor legal secretaries represent any applicant or State. Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe elects the judges from lists of three candidates proposed by each State for a non-renewable period of nine years.
Under-Secretary General Responsible for the committee: Can Baran Beder email@example.com
Agenda Item: H.L vs United Kingdom
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