The International Court of Justice was created in 1945 as the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established by the Charter of the UN and it began working in 1946. The Court is composed of 15 judges. Moreover, using international law as its legal source, the ICJ has two ways of functioning: settling legal disputes when states submitted to it and giving advisory opinions on legal questions raised by UN or specialized agencies.
In this court, the participants will work on solving an actual dispute that drew the attention of the world in recent history as being the trial of the greatest bloodshed in Europe since World War II:
Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro.
The dispute is rooted from the event that the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was consisted of Serbia and Montenegro after the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia’s breakup in the early 1990s, perpetrated an infamous massacre in Srebrenica causing the death of more than 7,000 Bosnian Muslim boys and men and ejecting of more than 20,000 civillian from the area by the Serbian forces. And the litigation started by the memorial submitted to the ICJ against the FRY, by the Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the grounds of the violation of the Convention and the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
Even though the actual case resulted with the judgment of the ICJ in 2007, in EUROsimA 2017, the participants of this court will have the chance to discuss the legal concerns of this historical case in the ICJ atmosphere from the beginning. Thence, they will be free to reshape the legal framework of the past.
Under-Secretary General Responsible for the Committee
Dicle Yağmur KILIÇ: email@example.com